Australia Facts And Figures

Below are facts about Australia which will enable you to gain general knowledge of the country before purchasing property there.


Research and Facts about Australia (from CIA World Factbook)

Country Name:

Australia

Location:

Oceania, continent between the Indian Ocean and the South Pacific Ocean

Area:

7,686,850 sq km

land:

7,617,930 sq km

water:

68,920 sq km

Coastline:

25,760 km

Climate:

generally arid to semiarid; temperate in south and east; tropical in north

Terrain:

mostly low plateau with deserts; fertile plain in southeast

Geography:

world's smallest continent but sixth-largest country; population concentrated along the eastern and southeastern coasts; the invigorating sea breeze known as the "Fremantle Doctor" affects the city of Perth on the west coast, and is one of the most consistent winds in the world

Population:

20,264,082 (July 2006 est.)

Age Structure:

0-14 Years:

19.6% (male 2,031,313/female 1,936,802)

15-64 Years:

67.3% (male 6,881,863/female 6,764,709)

65 Years and Over:

13.1% (male 1,170,589/female 1,478,806) (2006 est.)

Average Age:

Total:

36.9 years

Male:

36 years

Female:

37.7 years (2006 est.)

Ethnic Groups:

Caucasian 92%, Asian 7%, aboriginal and other 1%

Religions:

Catholic 26.4%, Anglican 20.5%, other Christian 20.5%, Buddhist 1.9%, Muslim 1.5%, other 1.2%, unspecified 12.7%, none 15.3% (2001 Census)

General

Languages:

English 79.1%, Chinese 2.1%, Italian 1.9%, other 11.1%, unspecified 5.8%

Government

Type:

federal parliamentary democracy

Capital:

Canberra

Independence:

1 January 1901 (federation of UK colonies)

Economy

Currency:

Australian Dollar (AU$)

GDP Growth Rate:

2.8% (2006 est.)

Labour Occupations:

agriculture: 3.6%
industry: 21.2%
services: 75.2% (2004 est.)

Unemployment Rate:

4.9% (2006 est.)

Inflation Rate:

3.8% (2006 est.)

Agriculture Produce:

wheat, barley, sugarcane, fruits, cattle, sheep, poultry

Transportation

Railways:

total: 810,641 km
paved: 336,962 km
unpaved: 473,679 km (2004)

Roads:

total: 810,641 km
paved: 336,962 km
unpaved: 473,679 km (2004)

Airports:

total: 311
over 3,047 m: 10
2,438 to 3,047 m: 12
1,524 to 2,437 m: 133
914 to 1,523 m: 143
under 914 m: 13 (2006)

Ports & Harbours:

Brisbane, Dampier, Fremantle, Gladstone, Hay Point, Melbourne, Newcastle, Port Hedland, Port Kembla, Port Walcott, Sydney

Communications

Mains Telephones:

11.46 million (2005)

Mobile Telephones:

18.42 million (2005)

Television Stations:

104 (1997)

Internet Users:

14,663,622 (2006)

Country Internet Code:

.au


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