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Facts And Figures Turkey

Here we have put together a quick reference on the facts and figures for Turkey. When you are buying a property it is important to know as much as possible about the country - this page is intended to help.

Research and Facts about Turkey
(Data for Turkey collected from the CIA Fact book – Turkey)

Country Name:

Republic of Turkey


South eastern Europe and South western Asia (that portion of Turkey west of the Bosphorus is geographically part of Europe), bordering the Black Sea, between Bulgaria and Georgia, and bordering the Aegean Sea and the Mediterranean Sea, between Greece and Syria


780,580 sq km


770,760 sq km


9,820 sq km

Land Boundaries:

Total: 2,648 km

Border Countries:

Armenia 268 km, Azerbaijan 9 km, Bulgaria 240 km, Georgia 252 km, Greece 206 km, Iran 499 km, Iraq 352 km, Syria 822 km


7,200 km


Temperate; hot, dry summers with mild, wet winters; harsher in interior


High central plateau (Anatolia); narrow coastal plain; several mountain ranges


Strategic location controlling the Turkish Straits (Bosphorus, Sea of Marmara, Dardanelles) that link Black and Aegean Seas; Mount Ararat, the legendary landing place of Noah's Ark, is in the far eastern portion of the country


70,413,958 (July 2006 est.)

Age Structure:

0-14 Years:

25.5% (male 9,133,226/female 8,800,070)

15-64 Years:

67.7% (male 24,218,277/female 23,456,761)

65 Years and Over:

6.8% (male 2,198,073/female 2,607,551) (2006 est.)

Average Age:


28.1 years


27.9 years


28.3 years (2006 est.)

Ethnic Groups:

Turkish 80%, Kurdish 20% (estimated)


Muslim 99.8% (mostly Sunni), other 0.2% (mostly Christians and Jews)



Turkish (official), Kurdish, Dimli (or Zaza), Azeri, Kabardian



Republican parliamentary democracy




29 October 1923 (successor state to the Ottoman Empire)



Turkish lira (YTL); the new Lira is divided into 100 kurus. Do not accept old lira they are no longer legal tender

Exchange Rates:

Turkish liras per US dollar - 1.3436 (2005), 1.4255 (2004), 1.5009 (2003), 1.5072 (2002), 1.2256 (2001)
note: on 1 January 2005 the old Turkish Lira (TRL) was converted to new Turkish Lira (YTL) at a rate of 1,000,000 old to 1 new Turkish Lira

GDP Growth Rate:

5.1% (2005 est.)

Labour Occupations:

Agriculture 35.9%, industry 22.8%, services 41.2% (3rd quarter, 2004)

Unemployment Rate:

10% plus underemployment of 4% (2005 est.)

Inflation Rate:

7.7% (2005 est.)

Agriculture Produce:

Tobacco, cotton, grain, olives, sugar beets, pulse, citrus; livestock



Total: 8,697 km


Total: 354,421 km

paved: 147,404 km (including 1,886 km of expressways)

unpaved: 207,017 km (2003)


120 (2005), 88 with paved runways

Ports & Harbours:

Aliaga, Ambarli, Eregli, Haydarpasa, Istanbul, Kocaeli (Izmit), Skhira, Toros


Mains Telephones:

19,125,200 (2004)

Mobile Telephones:

34,707,500 (2004)

Television Stations:

635 (plus 2,934 repeaters) (1995)

Internet Users:

5.5 million (2003)

Country Internet Code:


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