Facts About Egypt

It is important to know the basics of the country you plan to invest in, before purchasing property there. Below, we have gathered some facts about Egypt for potential investors.


Research and Facts about Egypt

Essential information for anyone thinking of purchasing property in Egypt from CIA World Factbook:

Location:

North Africa, between Libya and the Gaza Strip, the Red Sea north of Sudan and including the Asian Sinai Peninsula

Area:

1,001,450 km2

Land:

995,450 km2

water:

6,000 km2

Land Boundaries:

2,665 km

Border Countries:

Gaza Strip 11 km, Israel 266 km, Libya 1,115 km, Sudan 1,273 km

Coastline:

2,450 km

Climate:

Desert; hot, dry summers and moderate winters

Terrain:

Vast desert plateau interrupted by Nile Valley and Delta

Geography:

Controls Sinai Peninsula, only land bridge between Africa and remainder of Eastern Hemisphere; controls Suez Canal, a sea link between Indian Ocean and Mediterranean Sea; size, and juxtaposition to Israel, establish its major role in Middle Eastern geopolitics; dependence on upstream neighbors; dominance of Nile basin issues; prone to influxes of refugees

Population:

78,887,007 (July 2006 est.)

Age Structure:

0-14 years: 32.6% (male 13,172,641/female 12,548,346)
15-64 years: 62.9% (male 25,102,754/female 24,519,698)
65 years and over: 4.5% (male 1,510,280/female 2,033,288) (2006 est.)

Average Age:

Total:

24 years

Male:

23.6 years

Female:

24.3 years (2006 est.)

Ethnic Groups:

Egyptian 98%, Berber, Nubian, Bedouin, and Beja 1%, Greek, Armenian, other European (primarily Italian and French) 1%

Religions:

Muslim (mostly Sunni) 90%, Coptic 9%, other Christian 1%

General

Languages:


Arabic (official), English and French widely understood by educated classes

Government

Type:

Republic

Capital:

Cairo

Economy

Currency:

Egyptian Pound

GDP Growth Rate:

4.9% (2005 est.)

Labour Occupations:

agriculture: 32%
industry: 17%
services: 51% (2001 est.)

Unemployment Rate:

9.5% (2005 est.)

Inflation Rate:

4.9% (2005 est.)

Agriculture Produce:

cotton, rice, corn, wheat, beans, fruits, vegetables; cattle, water buffalo, sheep, goats

Transportation

Railways:

total: 5,063 km
standard gauge: 5,063 km 1.435-m gauge (62 km electrified) (2005)

Roads:

total: 64,000 km
paved: 49,984 km
unpaved: 14,016 km (1999)

Airports (paved):

total: 72
over 3,047 m: 13
2,438 to 3,047 m: 38
1,524 to 2,437 m: 16
under 914 m: 5 (2006)

Ports & Harbours:

Alexandria, Damietta, El Dekheila, Port Said, Suez, Zeit

Communications

Mains Telephones:

10,396,100 (2005)

Mobile Telephones:

14,045,134 (2005)

Television Stations:

98 (September 1995)

Internet Users:

5 million (2005)

Country Internet Code:

.eg

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