Facts About Germany

Knowledge of the country you plan to invest in is important before purchasing property there. Below, we have gathered some information on Germany to help you with your research.

Information Required When Travelling to Germany:

Country Name:



Central Europe, bordering the Baltic Sea and the North Sea, between the Netherlands and Poland, south of Denmark


357,022 sq km


348,672 sq km


8,350 sq km

Land Boundaries:

3,790 km

Border Countries:

Austria 784 km, Belgium 167 km, Czech Republic 815 km, Denmark 68 km, France 451 km, Luxembourg 138 km, Netherlands 577 km, Poland 456 km, Switzerland 334 km


2,389 km


temperate and marine; cool, cloudy, wet winters and summers; occasional warm mountain (foehn) wind


lowlands in north, uplands in center, Bavarian Alps in south


strategic location on North European Plain and along the entrance to the Baltic Sea


81,305,856 (July 2012 est.)

Age Structure:

0-14 years: 13.2% (male 5,499,555/ female 5,216,066)

15-64 years: 66.1% (male 27,173,860/ female 26,587,068)

65 years and over: 20.7% (male 7,273,915/ female 9,555,392) (2012 est.)

Average Age:

total: 45.3 years

male: 44.2 years

female: 46.3 years (2012 est.)

Ethnic Groups:

German 91.5%, Turkish 2.4%, other 6.1% (made up largely of Greek, Italian, Polish, Russian, Serbo-Croatian, Spanish)


Protestant 34%, Roman Catholic 34%, Muslim 3.7%, unaffiliated or other 28.3%





federal republic



Administrative Divisions:

16 states (Laender, singular - Land); Baden-Wuerttemberg, Bayern (Bavaria), Berlin, Brandenburg, Bremen, Hamburg, Hessen (Hesse), Mecklenburg-Vorpommern (Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania), Niedersachsen (Lower Saxony), Nordrhein-Westfalen (North Rhine-Westphalia), Rheinland-Pfalz (Rhineland-Palatinate), Saarland, Sachsen (Saxony), Sachsen-Anhalt (Saxony-Anhalt), Schleswig-Holstein, Thueringen (Thuringia); note - Bayern, Sachsen, and Thueringen refer to themselves as free states (Freistaaten, singular - Freistaat)


18 January 1871 (German Empire unification); divided into four zones of occupation (UK, US, USSR, and France) in 1945 following World War II; Federal Republic of Germany (FRG or West Germany) proclaimed on 23 May 1949 and included the former UK, US, and French zones; German Democratic Republic (GDR or East Germany) proclaimed on 7 October 1949 and included the former USSR zone; West Germany and East Germany unified on 3 October 1990; all four powers formally relinquished rights on 15 March 1991; notable earlier dates: 10 August 843 (Eastern Francia established from the division of the Carolingian Empire); 2 February 962 (crowning of OTTO I, recognized as the first Holy Roman Emperor)



Euro (EUR)

GDP Growth Rate:

3.1% (2011 est.)

Labour Occupations:

agriculture: 1.6%

industry: 24.6%

services: 73.8% (2011)

Unemployment Rate:

6% (2011 est.)

Inflation Rate:

2.5% (2011 est.)

Agriculture Produce:

potatoes, wheat, barley, sugar beets, fruit, cabbages; cattle, pigs, poultry



total: 41,981 km

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