Facts About Russia

Knowledge of the country you plan to invest in is important before purchasing property there. Below, we have gathered some information on Russia to help you with your research


Facts About Russia

Knowledge of the country you plan to invest in is important before purchasing property there. Below, we have gathered some information on Russia to help you with your research.

Information Required When Travelling to Russia:

Country Name:

Russia

Location:

North Asia bordering the Arctic Ocean, extending from Europe (the portion west of the Urals) to the North Pacific Ocean

Area:

17,098,242 sq km

Land:

16,377,742 sq km

Water:

720,500 sq km

Land Boundaries:

20,241.5 km

Border Countries:

Azerbaijan 284 km, Belarus 959 km, China (southeast) 3,605 km, China (south) 40 km, Estonia 290 km, Finland 1,313 km, Georgia 723 km, Kazakhstan 6,846 km, North Korea 17.5 km, Latvia 292 km, Lithuania (Kaliningrad Oblast) 227 km, Mongolia 3,441 km, Norway 196 km, Poland (Kaliningrad Oblast) 432 km, Ukraine 1,576 km

Coastline:

37,653 km

Climate:

ranges from steppes in the south through humid continental in much of European Russia; subarctic in Siberia to tundra climate in the polar north; winters vary from cool along Black Sea coast to frigid in Siberia; summers vary from warm in the steppes to cool along Arctic coast

Terrain:

broad plain with low hills west of Urals; vast coniferous forest and tundra in Siberia; uplands and mountains along southern border regions

Geography:

largest country in the world in terms of area but unfavorably located in relation to major sea lanes of the world; despite its size, much of the country lacks proper soils and climates (either too cold or too dry) for agriculture; Mount El'brus is Europe's tallest peak

Population:

142,517,670 (July 2012 est.)

Age Structure:

0-14 years: 15.7% (male 11,498,268/ female 10,890,853)

15-64 years: 71.3% (male 48,851,357/ female 52,806,900)

65 years and over: 13% (male 5,622,464/ female 12,847,828) (2012 est.)

Average Age:

Total: 38.8 years

male: 35.6 years

female: 42.1 years (2012 est.)

Ethnic Groups:

Russian 79.8%, Tatar 3.8%, Ukrainian 2%, Bashkir 1.2%, Chuvash 1.1%, other or unspecified 12.1% (2002 census)

Religions:

Russian Orthodox 15-20%, Muslim 10-15%, other Christian 2% (2006 est.)

note: estimates are of practicing worshipers; Russia has large populations of non-practicing believers and non-believers, a legacy of over seven decades of Soviet rule

Languages:

Russian (official), many minority languages

Government

Type:

Federation

Capital:

Moscow

Provincial:

46 provinces (oblastey, singular - oblast), 21 republics (respublik, singular - respublika), 4 autonomous okrugs (avtonomnykh okrugov, singular - avtonomnyy okrug), 9 krays (krayev, singular - kray), 2 federal cities (goroda, singular - gorod), and 1 autonomous oblast (avtonomnaya oblast')

Independence:

24 August 1991 (from the Soviet Union); notable earlier dates: 1157 (Principality of Vladimir-Suzdal created); 16 January 1547 (Tsardom of Muscovy established); 22 October 1721 (Russian Empire proclaimed); 30 December 1922 (Soviet Union established)



Economy

Currency:

Russian ruble (RUB)

GDP Growth Rate:

4.3% (2011 est.)

Labour Occupations:

Agriculture: 9.8%

industry: 27.5%

services: 62.7% (2010)

Unemployment Rate:

6.6% (2011 est.)

Inflation Rate:

8.4% (2011 est.)

Agriculture Produce:

grain, sugar beets, sunflower seed, vegetables, fruits; beef, milk

Transportation

Railways

Total: 87,157 km

country comparison to the world 2nd

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