Facts And Figures – Spain

When buying a property in Spain, it is important to have the facts at your fingertips. On this page we have gathered information in an easy to see format.

Research and Facts about Spain
Data for Spain collected from the CIA Factbook – Spain

Country Name:



Southwestern Europe, bordering the Bay of Biscay, Mediterranean Sea, North Atlantic Ocean, and Pyrenees Mountains, southwest of France


Total: 504,782 sq km

land: 499,542 sq km

water: 5,240 sq km

note: there are 2 autonomous cities - Ceuta and Melilla - and 17 autonomous communities including Balearic Islands and Canary Islands, and three small Spanish possessions off the coast of Morocco - Islas Chafarinas, Penon de Alhucemas, and Penon de Velez de la Gomera


1,917.8 km

Border countries:

Border countries: Andorra 63.7 km, France 623 km, Gibraltar 1.2 km, Portugal 1,214 km, Morocco (Ceuta) 6.3 km, Morocco (Melilla) 9.6 km


4,964 km


Temperate; clear, hot summers in interior, more moderate and cloudy along coast; cloudy, cold winters in interior, partly cloudy and cool along coast


Large, flat to dissected plateau surrounded by rugged hills; Pyrenees in north


Strategic location along approaches to Strait of Gibraltar


40,397,842 (July 2006 est.)

Age Structure:

0-14 Years:

14.4% (male 3,000,686/female 2,821,325)

15-64 Years:

67.8% (male 13,751,963/female 13,653,426

65 Years and Over:

17.7% (male 2,993,496/female 4,176,946) (2006 est.)

Average Age:


39.9 years


38.6 years


41.3 years (2006 est.)

Ethnic Groups:

Composite of Mediterranean and Nordic types


Roman Catholic 94%, other 6%



Castilian Spanish 74%, Catalan 17%, Galician 7%, Basque 2%; note - Castilian is the official language nationwide; the other languages are official regionally



Parliamentary monarchy



Administrative divisions:

17 autonomous communities (comunidades autonomas, singular - comunidad autonoma)and 2 autonomous cities* (ciudades autonomas, singular - ciudad autonoma); Andalucia, Aragon, Asturias, Baleares (Balearic Islands), Ceuta*, Canarias (Canary Islands), Cantabria, Castilla-La Mancha, Castilla y Leon, Cataluna, Comunidad Valenciana, Extremadura, Galicia, La Rioja, Madrid, Melilla*, Murcia, Navarra, Pais Vasco (Basque Country)
note: the autonomous cities of Ceuta and Melilla plus three small islands of Islas Chafarinas, Penon de Alhucemas, and Penon de Velez de la Gomera, administered directly by the Spanish central government, are all located along the coast of Morocco and are collectively referred to as Places of Sovereignty (Plazas de Soberania


The Iberian Peninsula was characterized by a variety of independent kingdoms prior to the Muslim occupation that began in the early 8th century AD and lasted nearly seven centuries; the small Christian redoubts of the north began the re-conquest almost immediately, culminating in the seizure of Granada in 1492; this event completed the unification of several kingdoms and is traditionally considered the forging of present-day Spain



Euro €

Exchange Rates:

Euros per US dollar – 1.26 (2006) Euros per pound 0.67(2006)

GDP Growth Rate:

3.4% (2005 est.)

Labour Occupations:

agriculture: 5.3%

industry: 30.1%

services: 64.6% (2004 est.)

Unemployment Rate:

9.2% (2005 est.)

Inflation Rate:

3.4% (2005 est.)

Agriculture Produce:

Grain, vegetables, olives, wine grapes, sugar beets, citrus; beef, pork, poultry, dairy products; fish



total: 14,873 km

broad gauge: 11,919 km 1.668-m gauge (6,950 km electrified)

standard gauge: 998 km 1.435-m gauge (998 km electrified)

narrow gauge: 1,928 km 1.000-m gauge (815 km electrified); 28 km 0.914-m gauge (28 km electrified) (2005)


total: 666,292 km

paved: 659,629 km (including 12,009 km of motorways)

unpaved: 6,663 km (2003)


total: 96

over 3,047 m: 16

2,438 to 3,047 m: 10

1,524 to 2,437 m: 20

914 to 1,523 m: 24

under 914 m: 26 (2006)

Ports & Harbours:

Algeciras, Barcelona, Cartagena, Gijon, Huelva, La Coruna, Tarragona, Valencia


Mains Telephones:

17,934,500 (2004)

Mobile Telephones:

38,646,800 (2004)

Television Stations:

224 (plus 2,105 repeaters)

note: these figures include 11 television broadcast stations and 88 repeaters in the Canary Islands

Internet Users:

17,142,198 (2005)

Country Internet Code:

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