Facts And Figures – Spain

When buying a property in Spain, it is important to have the facts at your fingertips. On this page we have gathered information in an easy to see format.


Research and Facts about Spain
Data for Spain collected from the CIA Factbook – Spain

Country Name:

Spain

Location:

Southwestern Europe, bordering the Bay of Biscay, Mediterranean Sea, North Atlantic Ocean, and Pyrenees Mountains, southwest of France

Area:

Total: 504,782 sq km

land: 499,542 sq km

water: 5,240 sq km

note: there are 2 autonomous cities - Ceuta and Melilla - and 17 autonomous communities including Balearic Islands and Canary Islands, and three small Spanish possessions off the coast of Morocco - Islas Chafarinas, Penon de Alhucemas, and Penon de Velez de la Gomera

land:

1,917.8 km

Border countries:

Border countries: Andorra 63.7 km, France 623 km, Gibraltar 1.2 km, Portugal 1,214 km, Morocco (Ceuta) 6.3 km, Morocco (Melilla) 9.6 km

Coastline:

4,964 km

Climate:

Temperate; clear, hot summers in interior, more moderate and cloudy along coast; cloudy, cold winters in interior, partly cloudy and cool along coast

Terrain:

Large, flat to dissected plateau surrounded by rugged hills; Pyrenees in north

Geography:

Strategic location along approaches to Strait of Gibraltar

Population:

40,397,842 (July 2006 est.)

Age Structure:

0-14 Years:

14.4% (male 3,000,686/female 2,821,325)

15-64 Years:

67.8% (male 13,751,963/female 13,653,426

65 Years and Over:

17.7% (male 2,993,496/female 4,176,946) (2006 est.)

Average Age:

Total:

39.9 years

Male:

38.6 years

Female:

41.3 years (2006 est.)

Ethnic Groups:

Composite of Mediterranean and Nordic types

Religions:

Roman Catholic 94%, other 6%

General

Languages:

Castilian Spanish 74%, Catalan 17%, Galician 7%, Basque 2%; note - Castilian is the official language nationwide; the other languages are official regionally

Government

Type:

Parliamentary monarchy

Capital:

Madrid

Administrative divisions:

17 autonomous communities (comunidades autonomas, singular - comunidad autonoma)and 2 autonomous cities* (ciudades autonomas, singular - ciudad autonoma); Andalucia, Aragon, Asturias, Baleares (Balearic Islands), Ceuta*, Canarias (Canary Islands), Cantabria, Castilla-La Mancha, Castilla y Leon, Cataluna, Comunidad Valenciana, Extremadura, Galicia, La Rioja, Madrid, Melilla*, Murcia, Navarra, Pais Vasco (Basque Country)
note: the autonomous cities of Ceuta and Melilla plus three small islands of Islas Chafarinas, Penon de Alhucemas, and Penon de Velez de la Gomera, administered directly by the Spanish central government, are all located along the coast of Morocco and are collectively referred to as Places of Sovereignty (Plazas de Soberania

Independence:

The Iberian Peninsula was characterized by a variety of independent kingdoms prior to the Muslim occupation that began in the early 8th century AD and lasted nearly seven centuries; the small Christian redoubts of the north began the re-conquest almost immediately, culminating in the seizure of Granada in 1492; this event completed the unification of several kingdoms and is traditionally considered the forging of present-day Spain

Economy

Currency:

Euro €

Exchange Rates:

Euros per US dollar – 1.26 (2006) Euros per pound 0.67(2006)

GDP Growth Rate:

3.4% (2005 est.)

Labour Occupations:

agriculture: 5.3%

industry: 30.1%

services: 64.6% (2004 est.)

Unemployment Rate:

9.2% (2005 est.)

Inflation Rate:

3.4% (2005 est.)

Agriculture Produce:

Grain, vegetables, olives, wine grapes, sugar beets, citrus; beef, pork, poultry, dairy products; fish

Transportation

Railways:

total: 14,873 km

broad gauge: 11,919 km 1.668-m gauge (6,950 km electrified)

standard gauge: 998 km 1.435-m gauge (998 km electrified)

narrow gauge: 1,928 km 1.000-m gauge (815 km electrified); 28 km 0.914-m gauge (28 km electrified) (2005)

Roads:

total: 666,292 km

paved: 659,629 km (including 12,009 km of motorways)

unpaved: 6,663 km (2003)

Airports:

total: 96

over 3,047 m: 16

2,438 to 3,047 m: 10

1,524 to 2,437 m: 20

914 to 1,523 m: 24

under 914 m: 26 (2006)

Ports & Harbours:

Algeciras, Barcelona, Cartagena, Gijon, Huelva, La Coruna, Tarragona, Valencia

Communications

Mains Telephones:

17,934,500 (2004)

Mobile Telephones:

38,646,800 (2004)

Television Stations:

224 (plus 2,105 repeaters)

note: these figures include 11 television broadcast stations and 88 repeaters in the Canary Islands

Internet Users:

17,142,198 (2005)

Country Internet Code:

.es
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